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A study from Prehistoric times to the far future. This is a wonderful essay told by one of our favorite channels and from Italy too; Metatron. His YouTube channel, in his own words; covers four (4) things: “languages,” “videogames,” “Medieval weapons and Armor” and “History” and much more! If you are interested in one of these topics please make sure to watch his videos and if you want Subscribe for more content, see at the end of this post.
This essay was perfect for our Sci-Fi Issue. Metatron is a wonderful resource of knowledge on these subjects. The concept of four “generations” in the history of modern warfare was created by a team of United States analysts, including William S. Lind, for the purpose of an argument for “the changing face of war” entering into a “fourth generation.”
First-generation warfare refers to Ancient and Post-classical battles fought with massed manpower, using line and column tactics with uniformed soldiers governed by the state. Second-generation warfare is the Early modern tactics used after the invention of the rifled musket and breech-loading weapons and continuing through the development of the machine gun and indirect fire. The term second generation warfare was created by the U.S. military in 1989.
Third-generation warfare focuses on using Late modern technology-derived tactics of leveraging speed, stealth and surprise to bypass the enemy’s lines and collapse their forces from the rear. Essentially, this was the end of linear warfare on a tactical level, with units seeking not simply to meet each other face to face but to outmaneuver each other to gain the greatest advantage.
Fourth-generation warfare as presented by Lind et al. is characterized by “Post-modern,” a return to decentralized forms of warfare, blurring of the lines between war and politics, combatants and civilians due to nation states’ loss of their near-monopoly on combat forces, returning to modes of conflict common in pre-modern times. Military robots are autonomous robots or remote-controlled mobile robots designed for military applications, from transport to search & rescue and attack. The use of robots in warfare, although traditionally a topic for science fiction, is being researched as a possible future means of fighting wars. Already several military robots have been developed by various armies.
Some believe the future of modern warfare will be fought by automated weapons systems. The U.S. Military is investing heavily in research and development towards testing and deploying increasingly automated systems.
Space warfare is combat that takes place in outer space, i.e. outside an atmosphere. Space warfare therefore includes ground-to-space warfare, such as attacking satellites from the Earth, as well as space-to-space warfare, such as satellites attacking satellites.
Cyberwarfare involves the use and targeting of computers and networks in warfare. It involves both offensive and defensive operations pertaining to the threat of cyberattacks, espionage and sabotage. There has been controversy over whether such operations can duly be called “war”. Nevertheless, nations have been developing their capabilities and engaged in cyber warfare either as an offender, victim, or both.
From Metatron: Special thanks to my friend Valerio De Stefani for suggesting the idea for this video.